The role of the cytochrome P450 3A5 enzyme for blood pressure regulation in the general Caucasian population

TitleThe role of the cytochrome P450 3A5 enzyme for blood pressure regulation in the general Caucasian population
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Year2005
Estimated date2005-05-01
CategoryScientific Publication
PlatformNone
DescriptionCytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes are important for drug metabolism in gut and liver. The CYP3A5 isoenzyme is also expressed in the kidney and has been implicated in renal sodium reabsorption and blood pressure regulation. Its expression and activity is strongly linked to a polymorphism (i.e. 6986G> A). Thus, appreciable expression is found in carriers of the CYP3A5*1 (6986A) but not in homozygous carriers of the CYP3A5*3 (6986G) allele. We tested whether the presence of CYP3A5*1 affects blood pressure in Caucasian individuals who were enrolled in the Prevention of REnal and Vascular ENd stage Disease (PREVEND) study. In addition, we evaluated whether the genetic effect of CYP3A5*1 on blood pressure is modulated by sodium intake. CYP3A5*1 was found in 13.3% (901 individuals) of the cohort (6777 individuals). Diastolic blood pressure was not affected by CYP3A5*1. Overall, systolic and pulse pressure were significantly lower in carriers of CYP3A5*1, both after univariate analysis adjusted for age (P = 0.012 and P = 0.008) and in logistic regression analysis (P = 0.015 and P = 0.012). The effect on systolic blood pressure was significantly modulated by sodium intake (P = 0.038). In separate analysis according to gender, CYP3A5*1 accounted for a significant age adjusted decrease in systolic blood pressure ( – 1.6 mmHg, P= 0.04) and pulse pressure ( – 1.2 mmHg, P = 0.04) in females but not in men. The present study demonstrates that the CYP3A5*1 allele affects systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in the general population. Its role in hypertensive disease and potential gender differences should be investigated in further studies. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 15:831–837 c 2005
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